It is important that we know the alterations of our microbiota and the impacts they cause to health.
The microbiota, also known as bacterial flora, is the group of microorganisms that inhabit our body, with the gastrointestinal tract being its main home. These bacterial communities play key roles in our health, from digestion and absorption of nutrients, to protection against pathogens and maintenance of the immune system. But what happens when the microbiota is disrupted?
The alterations of the microbiota are caused by several factors, here are the most common and important ones:
- Use of antibiotics: these drugs, although necessary in certain situations, can eliminate both pathogenic and beneficial bacteria, altering the bacterial balance.
- Inadequate diet: a diet low in fiber and high in fats, sugars and processed foods can negatively affect the composition of the microbiota.
- Chronic stress: can cause changes in the diversity and composition of the bacterial flora, which can negatively affect intestinal function and the immune system.
- Certain diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease and diabetes, can alter the composition of the microbiota.
Alterations in the microbiota can have negative health effects, including:
- Digestive problems: dysbiosis (imbalance in the microbiota) may contribute to irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease and other digestive disorders.
- Metabolic diseases: alterations in bacterial flora have been linked to an increased risk of developing obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
- Autoimmune diseases: dysbiosis can affect the immune system, increasing susceptibility to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and celiac disease.
- Mental health: a connection between alterations in the microbiota and mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety, has been observed.
Therefore, it is very important to restore the microbiota, how do we do it, with a balanced and healthy diet, eating a diet rich in fiber, fruits, vegetables, legumes, fermented foods can help to improve the diversity and composition of the microbiota.
Probiotics are live bacteria that can improve intestinal health, while prebiotics are substances that feed beneficial bacteria. Both can be found in certain foods or in supplement form.
Stress control: practicing relaxation techniques, such as meditation, yoga and physical exercise, can help reduce the impact of stress on the microbiota.
Avoid excessive use of antibiotics: although antibiotics are necessary in certain situations, their use should be rational and only under a doctor's prescription. When possible, opt for alternative treatments that do not affect the bacterial flora.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle: getting enough sleep, staying hydrated and avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco can also contribute to maintaining a proper balance in the microbiota.
I want you to be aware of the importance of the health of our microbiota, as it is crucial to maintaining good overall health. So decide for your health always. Having a healthy lifestyle is a choice.